One of the seven is the common desire to gain favour of those of high ranks, by praising them, by spreading their fame. Instead, we dwell on the imaginary kufr-o-imaan ki jung , on the destruction of temples and forcible conversions. Herald invited writers and commentators, well versed in history, to share their answers to what they believe is the most blatant lie taught through Pakistan history textbooks. Otherwise, the Mughals protected such temples. The diversity of approaches has been the hallmark of Indian historiography. But the picture general history textbooks paint for us does not portray the various facets of our identity.
What is the most blatant lie taught through
The result of these omissions is disastrous on the minds of the youth in Pakistan. It is a common complaint that Pakistans history is taught as if it began with the conquest of Sindh by the Umayyad army, led by the young General, Muhammad bin Qasim in 711. This was true of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Ram Manohar Lohia, the Socialist leader. This is contradicted by what they subsequently see in this global world of information technology and shared knowledge. The Herald invited renowned Indian historian and currently a Jawaharlal Nehru Fellow, Mushirul Hasan, to give his take on the lies taught through textbooks on both sides of the border. They have pressed into service the two-nation theory to define nationality in purely Islamic terms. These textbooks tend to have snapshot descriptions of the contempt with which the two religious communities treated one another. The reason for the falsehood lies in our distorted view of nationalism. A large number of them were teachers in schools and colleges. The distortion of historical facts has in turn played a quintessential role in manipulating our sense of self.
Ayesha Jalal is right in pointing out that as old orthodoxies recede before the flood of fresh historical evidence and earlier certitudes are overturned by newly detected contradictions, this is the time to heal the multiple fractures which. Pakistan was mainly created for the protection and promotion of the class interests of the landed aristocracy which formed the League. Magnanimously, thereafter, Pakistan returned all the conquered territories to India. It was at that time that religious nationalism was invoked vigorously to create a feeling of unity among the Muslims of Uttar Pardesh (UP Bengal and Punjab in order to provide the League an ideational basis of support. Rather than letting children learn from our forex news paper gujarati today ahmedabad historical mistakes, we show them a false picture. The most blatant lie that covers page after page of history textbooks is that Pakistan was created for the promotion and propagation of religion. While the Muslims provided all sorts of help to those non-Muslims desiring to leave Pakistan during partition, people of India committed atrocities against Muslims trying to migrate to Pakistan. Most textbooks in Sindh at least do mention Moenjodaro and the Indus Valley civilisation, but it is not discussed in a meaningful way and there is no discussion about its extent and culture.
History is only of use for its lessons, and it is the duty of the historian to see that they are properly taught. Religion has also played a big part in making us what we are today. Utra Tere Kinare Jab Karwan Humara. Saadat Hasan Manto described an existentialist reality the separation of people living on both sides who had a long history of cultural and social contact and the paradoxical character of borders being a metaphor of the ambiguities of nation-building. Woh Din Hain Yaad Tujh Ko? Sadly, these thoughts are hardly reflected in our textbooks. Similarly, the division of the historical narrative into a Hindu and Muslim period, aside from the ironic fact that this was actually instituted by the British, glosses over the reality that Islamic empires also fought each other for power.
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Successive governments did not further this goal and forex news paper gujarati today ahmedabad history written for schools in Pakistan became the victim of fossilised textbook boards ratifying the work of unethical and unscholarly authors for public school consumption. The ghosts of partition was put to rest and not exhumed for frequent post-mortems. Among the many examples, the three given below are about the wars of 19, and the partition carnage of 1947. The same poet talked of Naya Shiwala, a temple of peace and goodwill. Some political leaders encouraged provincialism for selfish gains. He offered, without saying so, a way of correcting the distortions inherent in state-centered national histories. Saffronisation of education will breed fanaticism, heighten caste and communitarian consciousness, and stifle the natural inclination of a student to cultivate a balanced and cautious judgement. Instead it offers quite a convoluted description of who we are. The urban educated middle classes of UP which joined the League later and enunciated the Hindu-Muslim difference argument in 1940, eschewed Muslim nationalism soon after independence because it had outlived its political use.
Under the Khiljis Pakistan moved further South to include a greater part of Central India and the Deccan. What makes us Pakistanis and what is it that forex news paper gujarati today ahmedabad makes us love our land and nation? Instead of seeing themselves as heirs of many civilisations, they acquire a narrow, one-dimensional view of the world. The Hindus sent a substantial part of their earnings to Bharat, thus adversely affecting the economy of the province. After all, Babar had to defeat Ibrahim Lodhi, and thus, the Delhi Sultanate, for the Mughal period to begin. Eulogising leaders, in his preface to the, muqaddimah, Ibn Khaldun warned of seven mistakes that he thought historians often committed.
Tara Chands three-volume History of the Freedom Movement in India held its ground until the Janata government decided, in 1977, to rewrite the secular textbook. Moreover, another mindless inaccuracy is the absence of the other, where India and Congress are needlessly ignored and a one-sided version of history is deemed necessary for creating a nationalistic mindset. They went around depicting the central Government and (the then) West Pakistan as enemy and exploiter. On the contrary, they criticised the Congress stalwarts for failing to guide the movements they initiated away from the forces of reactionary communalism. The Maulana, in particular, charged Nehru for jettisoning the plan for a Congress-Muslim coalition in 1937 and the prospect of an enduring Hindu-Muslim partnership. Whats ironic is that the boldest fallacies in these books are about the events that are still in our living memory. During the 11th century the Ghaznavid Empire comprised what is now Pakistan and Afghanistan. Important periods and events during subsequent centuries are also skimmed over, like the Aryan civilisation which introduced its powerful social system and epic poetry (Mahabharata in which Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa play important roles the Brahmin religion, a thousand. With the recent appointment of a Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)-oriented Chairman of the Indian Council for Historical Research, liberal and secular historians are worried about the future of their discipline.
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During the 16th century, Hindustan disappeared and was completely absorbed in Pakistan. Rubina Saigol is a scholar and has authored several books on education and society and co-edited books on feminism and gender). Increasingly, it may be difficult for some of us to establish historical truths or to defend the cult of objective historical inquiry. Hamida Khuhro is a historian and former education minister for Sindh. The first assertion in the Holy Quran. The stress on religion ignored other factors that could cut across both identities.
Yet it is this period of both our histories, or the portrayal of such, that is tampered with the most and has been used as a political tool by either side. Increasingly, young students are introduced to the Islamist or the Hindutva world views that have caused incalculable damage to State and civil society. This gap continues in the historical narrative for school students post-partition. As the radical currents are being swept aside by the winds of right-wing discourse, it is pertinent to recall the Saidian (Edward Said) dictum that nothing disfigures the intellectuals public performance as much trimming, careful silence, patriotic bluster, and retrospective of self-dramatising prophecy. Such is the power and influence of the polemicists that a growing number of people are abandoning the quest for an objective approach. Instead, we have bans on books, digital platforms such as and even newspapers in this Islamic Republic of Pakistan.